It has been observed in many institutions of learning English as second language that the most difficult skill students fail to master is fluency in speaking. Some educators have even criticized the dependence on school text books as insufficient in so far as the speaking skill is concern. It is based on this scenario that I am discussing the above topic to find ways of minimizing the time teachers spent in speaking in class and maximizing that of the students. It is hoped that if students are given the opportunity to practice speaking in various activities during class time it will tremendously assist them in developing this skill. Below I will mention some of the methods which I think may aid students in their journey to become fluent speakers of English language.
It is well known that if the number of students in a class is too large the teacher will find it difficult to handle them
and will not be able to reach most of them. It is because of this, that it is necessary for the students to be divided into groups. This gives the teacher the chance to easily check student’s performance and if there is any lacking
it can be corrected at the first stage.
Assigning Specific Task
Dividing students into groups is meaningless if they are not given exact goal to accomplish. Therefore, after dividing them into groups, each group should be given specific tasks that may involve activities like listening exercises and worksheets. With regards to listening,short stories may be effective. They may need to listen to it several times to get well acquainted with the story. After this, they should be allowed to read the text while at the same time been given worksheet to do specific task based on what they have listened to. Students in each group will be required to have discussion about specifics of these activities to prepare themselves for the general discussion.
After the completion of tasks by each group, time should be allotted for discussion of answers arrived at by each
group. Individual students will contribution by participating in oral discussion. Activities such as these should be organized often to afford the chance to students to improve their speaking skills. Listening to short stories
several times and also reading the text have proven to be very effective in enhancing the speaking skill; because it make students get accustomed to the right usage of words and phases which they can easily used in daily conversation. In other words, they are been exposed to a situation where they can practice and live the language.
In conclusion, students who are practicing their speaking skills in class will be more confident and motivated to speak in situations outside the classroom. Should in case anyone has something to share in relation to this issue, the contribution will be most appreciated.